Satellite photograph: the location of the Dead Sea is east of the Mediterranean
This image is a screenshot from NASA’s
All maps of the Dead Sea are not correct: the level of water is now dropping by
1 m (3 ft) a year, so the Dead Sea map is constantly changing.
Since the boundaries of the sea are constantly changing, satellite photography
is more accurate.
In recent decades, the Dead Sea has been rapidly shrinking because of diversion
of incoming water from the Jordan River to the north. The southern end is fed by
a canal maintained by the Dead Sea Works, a company that converts the sea's raw
materials. From a water surface of 395 m (1,296 ft) below sea level in 1970 it
fell 22 m (72 ft) to 418 m (1,371 ft) below sea level in 2006, reaching a drop
rate of 1 m (3 ft) per year. As the water level decreases, the characteristics
of the Sea and surrounding region may substantially change.
The Dead Sea at the World Map
The Dead Sea on the World Map
The Dead Sea is an endorheic lake located in the Jordan Rift Valley.
The Jordan River is the only major water source flowing into the Dead Sea,
although there are small perennial springs under and around the Dead Sea,
forming pools and quicksand pits along the edges. There are no outlet streams.
Rainfall is scarcely 100 mm (4 in) per year in the northern part of the Dead Sea
and barely 50 mm (2 in) in the southern part. The Dead Sea zone's aridity is due
to the rainshadow effect of the Judaean Mountains. The highlands east of the
Dead Sea receive more rainfall than the Dead Sea itself.
Map of the Dead Sea, 1907 and the image of the Dead Sea, 2000.
This map of the Dead Sea was published in 1907,
The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography by Samuel Butler
Samuel Butler (1774-1839)
This true-color image of the Dead Sea was taken on September 10, 2000,
by the MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying
aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft. (Terra NASA).
Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Group, NASA GSFC
The Dead Sea 1972-2011 - NASA
From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
The false-color images above were captured by the Landsat 1, 4, and 7
satellites. The Multispectral Scanner System on Landsat 1 acquired the top image
on September 15, 1972, by . The middle image was acquired on August 27, 1989, by
the Thematic Mapper on Landsat 4. The third image is from the Enhanced Thematic
Mapper Plus on Landsat 7 on October 11, 2011.
All three images include a combination of near-infrared, red, and green
wavelengths. Deep waters are blue or dark blue, while brighter blues indicate
shallow waters or salt ponds (in the south). The pale pink and sand-colored
regions are barren desert landscapes, while green indicates sparsely vegetated
lands. Denser vegetation appears bright red. Near the center is the Lisan
Peninsula, which forms a land bridge through the Dead Sea.
The expansion of massive salt evaporation projects are clearly visible over the
span of 39 years.
NASA Goddard Photo and Video
In October 2009, the Jordanians announced
accelerated plans to extract around 300 million cubic meters of water per year
from the Red Sea, desalinate it for use as fresh water and send the waste water
to the Dead Sea by tunnel, despite concerns about inadequate time to assess the
potential environmental impact. According to Jordan's minister for water,
General Maysoun Zu'bi, this project could be considered as the first phase of
the Red Sea–Dead Sea Project.
In December 2013, Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority signed an
agreement for laying a water pipeline to link the Red Sea with the Dead Sea. The
pipeline will be 110 miles (180 km) long and is estimated to take up to five
years to complete. In January 2015 it was reported that the level of water is
now dropping by three feet a year.
The Dead Sea is located in the middle of the Judean desert. During the summer
the temperature rises to over 40ºc and may remain above 20ºc (daytime)
throughout the winter. The air is constantly dry, and the average precipitation
is less than 2 inch a year. The massive evaporation does not affect the
immediate surroundings, but creates a visible constant mist hovering some 300m
above the surface. On top of the other medical virtues of the Dead Sea, the high
barometric pressure and the mist are perfect filters of UV radiation, attracting
tourists from the whole world to sunbathe safely as an effective treatment of
several skin diseases.
Sunny and warm coast of the Dead Sea is one of the best places
to visit for rest and treatment.
The map of Dead Sea area shows: the location of the Dead Sea is near the Mediterranean Sea. So, this is a place with warm climate.
The out-and-outer solt in the sea water,
the very low content of allergens in the atmosphere, the superior climate
at this one and only place have perfect health effects.
By the way the legendary beauty
Cleopatra, pharaoh (queen) of Egypt, had a cottage at the
deserted coast of the Dead Sea. It was the first ever
Spa Dead Sea.