where-what.net

The Dead Sea on the world map: location, facts, history




 

The Dead Sea on the world map. Map 1
Satellite photograph: location of the Dead Sea on the world map. (on the Earth)

The Dead Sea on the world map. Map 2
A map of the Dead Sea (Salt Sea) area in Google maps

The Dead Sea on the world map. Map 4
Here is a map of the Dead Sea (Salt Sea) area. Google maps


The Dead Sea location map. mapsofworld.com 

The Dead Sea on the map. Map 3
The Dead Sea on the Satellite photograph + map 1

The Dead Sea on the map. Map 5
The Dead Sea on the Satellite photograph + map 2

The Dead Sea on the map. Map 6
The Dead Sea on the Satellite photograph + map 3.

If the history of the Earth went a little differently, it is possible that the Suez Canal would pass through the Dead Sea ...



According to the hypothesis of continental drift, this is how the map of the Earth changed in different periods of world history. It is evident that Africa can separate from Eurasia along the line of the Red Sea - the Mediterranean Sea. The map shows that there are two possibilities: through the Red Sea and the area of the modern Suez Canal, or through the Red Sea and the depression in which the Dead Sea is located. But Africa remained near Eurasia. Moreover, now these continents are gradually converging, but very slowly.

 



Strictly speaking, the Dead Sea is not a sea. It is a big salt lake bordered by Palestine (West Bank) and Israel to the west and Jordan to the east. The lake is 50 kilometers (31 mi) long and 15 kilometers (9 mi) wide at its widest point.

Why is it called the Dead Sea?

Interesting fact about the Dead Sea: this sea is one of the world's saltiest bodies of water, its salinity is 33.7%! It is 8.6 times more salty than the ocean.
This high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic organisms, such as fish and aquatic plants, from living in it, though minuscule quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi are present.

History of the name: in the Bible, the Dead Sea is called the Salt Sea, the Sea of the Arabah, and the Eastern Sea. The designation “Dead Sea” is a modern name which never appears in the Bible.
 

 Cleopatra
 

Interesting fact: by the bye, belle Cleopatra, Egyptian pharaoh, had a chalet at the seaside of the salty Dead Sea. It was the first in the world real Spa salon at the Salt (Dead) Sea.  Cleopatra had no problems with the arrangement of cottage on the Dead Sea coast, because at that time the Dead Sea was part of Egypt. And Cleopatra was the pharaoh (queen) of Egypt.


The Dead Sea. History
Dead sea history: the old map of Dead Sea location

  The Dead Sea, also known as the Salt Sea, on the world map
The Dead Sea on the world map

 

Best places to travel in January for warm weather and sun
Best places to go in February for sun and warm weather

 



Satellite photograph: the location of the Dead Sea is east of the Mediterranean Sea
This image is a screenshot from NASA’s globe software.
Satellite photography is more accurate than the map: the boundaries of the Dead Sea are constantly changing. Unfortunately, the Dead Sea dries up, and pretty quickly.

All maps of the Dead Sea are not correct: the level of water is now dropping by 1 m (3 ft) a year, so the Dead Sea map is constantly changing, and if you want to see the exact boundaries of the Dead Sea, it's better to look at satellite photo. In recent decades, the Dead Sea has been rapidly shrinking because of diversion of incoming water from the Jordan River to the north.

Agricultural industries in Jordan, Syria and Israel siphon water from the Jordan River, that used to feed into the Dead Sea, diverting the water flow for agricultural use. The water doesn’t even reach the Dead Sea during the summer.

The southern end is fed by a canal maintained by the Dead Sea Works, a company that converts the sea's raw materials. From a water surface of 395 m (1,296 ft) below sea level in 1970 it fell 22 m (72 ft) to 418 m (1,371 ft) below sea level in 2006, reaching a drop rate of 1 m (3 ft) per year. As the water level decreases, the characteristics of the Sea and surrounding region may substantially change.

The Dead Sea on the World Map

The Dead Sea on the World Map

The Dead Sea is an endorheic lake located in the Jordan Rift Valley. The Jordan River is the only major water source flowing into the Dead Sea, although there are small perennial springs under and around the Dead Sea, forming pools and quicksand pits along the edges. There are no outlet streams.

Rainfall is scarcely 100 mm (4 in) per year in the northern part of the Dead Sea and barely 50 mm (2 in) in the southern part. The Dead Sea zone's aridity is due to the rainshadow effect of the Judaean Mountains. The highlands east of the Dead Sea receive more rainfall than the Dead Sea itself.

 

Map of the Dead Sea, 1907 and the image of the Dead Sea, 2000.   :-(
Map of the Dead Sea, 1907
This map of the Dead Sea was published in 1907,
The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography by Samuel Butler

Samuel Butler (1774-1839)
 

This image of the Dead Sea was taken on September 10, 2000
This true-color image of the Dead Sea was taken on September 10, 2000, by the MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft.  (Terra NASA).

Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Group, NASA GSFC

The Dead Sea 1972-2011 - NASA Earth Observatory

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository
The Dead Sea 1972-2011 - NASA Earth Observatory
The false-color images above were captured by the Landsat 1, 4, and 7 satellites. The Multispectral Scanner System on Landsat 1 acquired the top image on September 15, 1972, by . The middle image was acquired on August 27, 1989, by the Thematic Mapper on Landsat 4. The third image is from the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus on Landsat 7 on October 11, 2011.

All three images include a combination of near-infrared, red, and green wavelengths. Deep waters are blue or dark blue, while brighter blues indicate shallow waters or salt ponds (in the south). The pale pink and sand-colored regions are barren desert landscapes, while green indicates sparsely vegetated lands. Denser vegetation appears bright red. Near the center is the Lisan Peninsula, which forms a land bridge through the Dead Sea.

The expansion of massive salt evaporation projects are clearly visible over the span of 39 years.

NASA Goddard Photo and Video


In October 2009, the Jordanians announced accelerated plans to extract around 300 million cubic meters of water per year from the Red Sea, desalinate it for use as fresh water and send the waste water to the Dead Sea by tunnel, despite concerns about inadequate time to assess the potential environmental impact. According to Jordan's minister for water, General Maysoun Zu'bi, this project could be considered as the first phase of the Red Sea–Dead Sea Project.

In December 2013, Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority signed an agreement for laying a water pipeline to link the Red Sea with the Dead Sea. The pipeline will be 110 miles (180 km) long and is estimated to take up to five years to complete. In January 2015 it was reported that the level of water is now dropping by three feet a year.
From Wikipedia


Climate

The Dead Sea is located in the middle of the Judean desert. During the summer the temperature rises to over 40ºc and may remain above 20ºc (daytime) throughout the winter. The air is constantly dry, and the average precipitation is less than 2 inch a year. The massive evaporation does not affect the immediate surroundings, but creates a visible constant mist hovering some 300m above the surface. On top of the other medical virtues of the Dead Sea, the high barometric pressure and the mist are perfect filters of UV radiation, attracting tourists from the whole world to sunbathe safely as an effective treatment of several skin diseases.

Warm and sunny coast of marvelous Dead Sea is the best destination to go on vacation for rest with treatment. The unique mineral content of the water, the purest atmosphere, the warm sea and the admirable climate at this great place have perfect health effects.