Dead Sea. Jordan. There is a lot of foam is on the waves: an incredible percentage
of salt is in the water.
The Dead Sea. The Salt Sea.
The Dead Sea. Google maps
Dead Sea in winter
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It is evident that grows shallow sea: near the water salt deposits still quite clean
The Dead Sea, also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordering Jordan to the
east, and Israel to the west. Its surface and shores are 422 metres (1,385 ft)
below sea level, the lowest elevation on the Earth's surface on dry land. It is
one of the world's saltiest bodies of water, with 33.7% salinity. It is 8.6
times more salty than the ocean.
In the Bible, the Dead Sea is called the Salt Sea, the Sea of the Arabah, and
the Eastern Sea. The designation “Dead Sea” is a modern name which never appears
in the Bible.
The sea is called "dead" because its high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic
organisms, such as fish and aquatic plants, from living in it, though minuscule
quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi are present.
The Dead Sea was one of the world's first health resorts (for Herod the Great),
and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from balms for
Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. People also use the salt and
the minerals from the Dead Sea to create cosmetics and herbal sachets.
Sunny and warm shore of the Dead Sea is the best place
to visit for treatment and rest. The out-and-outer solt in the sea water,
very clean atmosphere and the superior climate
of the Dead Sea have perfect health effects.
The Jordan River is the only major water source flowing into the Dead Sea,
although there are small perennial springs. There are no outlet streams.
The Dead Sea's climate offers year-round sunny skies and dry air. A summer
average temperatures range between 32 and 39 °C (90 and 102 °F). Winter -
between 20 and 23 °C (68 and 73 °F).
Sufferers of the skin disorder psoriasis also benefit from the ability to
sunbathe for long periods in the area due to its position below sea level and
subsequent result that many of the sun's harmful UV rays are reduced.
The Dead Sea area has become a major center for health research and treatment
for several reasons. The mineral content of the water, the very low content of
pollens and other allergens in the atmosphere, the reduced ultraviolet component
of solar radiation, and the higher atmospheric pressure at this great depth each
have specific health effects. For example, persons suffering reduced respiratory
function from diseases such as cystic fibrosis seem to benefit from the
increased atmospheric pressure
Thus, the region's climate and low elevation have made it a popular center for
several types of therapies:
* Climatotherapy: Treatment which exploits local climatic features such as
temperature, humidity, sunshine, barometric pressure and special atmospheric
* Heliotherapy: Treatment that exploits the biological effects of the sun's
* Thalassotherapy: Treatment that exploits bathing in Dead Sea water
The shower is just near the sea
There are not a nigger's feet, it's the healing mud
And the sand - it is half-white salt. Also medicinal! Treatment involves flushing mud are useful in the seawater to the salt effect upon the body.
There are all for the rest and treatment:
the warm sea, beach, cozy hotels
the unique spa treatments, healing mud, salt and the sea water.
The mineral content of the Dead Sea is very different from that of ocean water.
The exact composition of the Dead Sea water varies mainly with season, depth and
temperature. In the early 1980s, the concentration of ionic species (in g/kg) of
Dead Sea surface water was Cl− (181.4), Br− (4.2), SO42− (0.4), HCO3− (0.2),
Ca2+ (14.1), Na+ (32.5), K+ (6.2) and Mg2+ (35.2). The total salinity was 276 g/kg.
These results show that w/w% composition of the salt, as anhydrous chlorides,
was calcium chloride (CaCl2) 14.4%, potassium chloride (KCl) 4.4%, magnesium
chloride (MgCl2) 50.8% and sodium chloride (common salt, NaCl) 30.4%. In
comparison, the salt in the water of most oceans and seas is approximately 97%
sodium chloride. The concentration of sulfate ions (SO42−) is very low, and the
concentration of bromide ions (Br−) is the highest of all waters on Earth. The
sea itself is abundant in minerals acclaimed to have therapeutic value.
Two thousand years ago, peri
Cleopatra, the last Egyptian queen, had a cabin at the
seaside of the warm and salty Dead Sea. It is believed that this is the first ever
Spa at the Dead Sea map.
Anyone can easily
float in the Dead Sea because of natural buoyancy. In this respect the Dead Sea
is similar to the Great Salt Lake in Utah in the United States.
Many animal species live in the mountains surrounding the Dead Sea. Hikers can
see camels, ibex, hares, hyraxes, jackals, foxes, and even leopards. Hundreds of
bird species inhabit the zone as well. Both Jordan and Israel have established
nature reserves around the Dead Sea.
In recent decades, the Dead Sea has been rapidly shrinking because of diversion
of incoming water from the Jordan River to the north. The southern end is fed by
a canal maintained by the Dead Sea Works, a company that converts the sea's raw
materials. From a depression of 395 m (1,296 ft) below sea level in 1970 it
fell 22 m (72 ft) to 418 m (1,371 ft) below sea level in 2006, reaching a drop
rate of 1 m (3 ft) per year. As the water level decreases, the characteristics
of the Sea and surrounding region may substantially change.*
In December 2013, Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Authority signed an
agreement for laying a water pipeline to link the Red Sea with the Dead Sea. The
pipeline will be 180 km (110 mi) long and is estimated to take up to five years
to complete. In January 2015 it was reported that the level of water is now
dropping by 1 m (3 ft) a year.
On 27 November 2016, it was announced that the Jordanian government is
shortlisting five consortiums to implement the project. Jordan's ministry of
Water and Irrigation said that the $100 million first phase of the project will
begin construction in the first quarter of 2018, and will be completed by 2021.
The Dead Sea at the World Map >>
*The text used -
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia