The Himalayas is a massive mountain system in
Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from Tibet. Himalaya is
the home to the world's highest peaks and the highest of them is
the Mount Everest, 8848 m.Himalaya, due to their large size and
expanse, have been a natural barrier to the movement of people
for tens thousands years. This has prevented intermingling of
people from the Indian subcontinent with people from China and
Mongolia, causing significantly different languages and customs
between these regions. The Himalayas have also prevented
military expeditions - Genghis Khan could not expand his empire
Several places in the Himalaya are of religious
significance in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. There are very
many of the important religious places in the Himalayas and
there were over 6,000 monasteries in Tibet!
entities are associated with the Himalayas. For instance,
Shambhala is a very famous mystical town. It is one of 24
Himalayan hidden realms in Vajrayana Buddhism. Some legends
believe Shambhala is a real town where secret Buddhist
doctrines are being saved, other legends consider that it is in
the mental realm only and does not physically exist.
case, Himalaya is a very interesting place, like nothing on
Travelling around the mountains can be somewhat hard, but
Himalaya is surely worth a visit!
Nepal, Himalayas, the Trizuli river
I now present to you some of my photos of Himalayas.
Among them are many photos of Nepal - the very Himalayan
country. In the future, going to add many images else - I have a
lot of them.
Russian Winter, photos
|The 6,000-kilometre journey of the Indian Plate before its
collision with Eurasian Plate (Asia) about 10 million years ago.
The Himalaya is one of the youngest mountain ranges on
According to the theory of plate tectonics, the Himalayas formation is a
result of a continental collision or orogeny along the convergent boundary
between the Eurasian Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate.
About 70 million years ago the north-moving
Indo-Australian plate (which has subsequently broken into the Indian Plate and
the Australian plate) was moving at about 15 cm per year. About 50 million years
ago this fast moving Indo-Australian plate had completely closed the Tethys
Ocean. Since both plates were composed of low density continental crust, they
were thrust faulted and folded into mountain ranges Himalayas. This process is
illustrated that the summit of Mount Everest is made of marine limestone from
this ancient ocean.
Nowadays, the Indian plate continues to drive at the Tibetan
Plateau, which forces the plateau to continue to move upwards. The Indian plate
is still moving at 67 mm per year, and over the next 10 million years it will
travel about 1,500 km into Asia. About 20 mm per year of the India-Asia
convergence is absorbed by thrusting along the Himalaya southern front. This
leads to the Himalayas rising by about 5 mm per year. The movement of the Indian
plate into the Asian plate makes this
region seismically active, leading to earthquakes.