The Himalayas is a massive mountain system in
Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from Tibet. Himalaya is
the home to the world's highest peaks and the highest of them is
the Mount Everest, 8848 m.Himalaya, due to their large size and
expanse, have been a natural barrier to the movement of people
for tens thousands years. This has prevented intermingling of
people from the Indian subcontinent with people from China and
Mongolia, causing significantly different languages and customs
between these regions. The Himalayas have also prevented
military expeditions - Genghis Khan could not expand his empire
Several places in the Himalaya are of religious
significance in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. There are very
many of the important religious places in the Himalayas and
there were over 6,000 monasteries in Tibet!
entities are associated with the Himalayas. For instance,
Shambhala is a very famous mystical town. It is one of 24
Himalayan hidden realms in Vajrayana Buddhism. Some legends
believe Shambhala is a real town where secret Buddhist
doctrines are being saved, other legends consider that it is in
the mental realm only and does not physically exist.
case, Himalaya is a very interesting place, like nothing on
Travelling around the mountains can be somewhat hard, but
Himalaya is surely worth a visit!
Nepal, Himalayas, the Trizuli river
I now present to you some of my photos of Himalayas.
Among them are many photos of Nepal - the very Himalayan
country. In the future, going to add many images else - I have a
lot of them.
Russian Winter, photos
|The 6,000-kilometre-plus journey of the India landmass
(Indian Plate) before its collision with Asia (Eurasian Plate) about
40 to 50 million years ago
The Himalayan range is one of the youngest mountain ranges on
the Earth and consists mostly of uplifted sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.
According to the modern theory of plate tectonics, the Himalayas formation is a
result of a continental collision or orogeny along the convergent boundary
between the Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate. The Nicobar Islands in
the Bay of Bengal and Andaman and Arakan Yoma highlands in Myanmar the were also
formed as a result of this collision.
About 70 million years ago, during the Upper Cretaceous, the north-moving
Indo-Australian plate (which has subsequently broken into the Indian Plate and
the Australian plate) was moving at about 15 cm per year. About 50 million years
ago this fast moving Indo-Australian plate had completely closed the Tethys
Ocean, the existence of which has been determined by sedimentary rocks settled
on the ocean floor, and the volcanoes that fringed its edges. Since both plates
were composed of low density continental crust, they were thrust faulted and
folded into mountain ranges rather than subducting into the mantle along an
oceanic trench. An often-cited fact used to illustrate this process is that the
summit of Mount Everest is made of marine limestone from this ancient ocean.
Today, the Indian plate continues to be driven horizontally at the Tibetan
Plateau, which forces the plateau to continue to move upwards. The Indian plate
is still moving at 67 mm per year, and over the next 10 million years it will
travel about 1,500 km into Asia. About 20 mm per year of the India-Asia
convergence is absorbed by thrusting along the Himalaya southern front. This
leads to the Himalayas rising by about 5 mm per year, making them geologically
active. The movement of the Indian plate into the Asian plate also makes this
region seismically active, leading to earthquakes from time to time.